What is inductive effect?

An inductive effect is simply the shifting of electrons in a sigma  bond in response to the electronegativity of nearby atoms. Metals, such as lithium and magnesium, inductively donate electrons, whereas reactive nonmetals, such as oxygen and nitrogen, inductively withdraw electrons. Inductive  effects

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Why organic compounds show polarity?

Bond polarity is due to differences in electronegativity (EN), the intrinsic ability of an atom to attract the shared electrons in a covalent bond. Electronegativities are based on an arbitrary scale, with fluorine being the most electronegative (EN  4.0) and cesium, the

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Draw a line-bond structure for propane, Predict the value of each bond angle, and indicate the overall shape of the molecule.

Draw a line-bond structure for propane, CH3CH2CH3. Predict the value of each bond angle, and indicate the overall shape of the molecule Solution Connect the carbons and add hydrogens so that all carbons are bonded to four different atoms. The geometry around all

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Why can’t an organic molecule have the formula C2H7?

Why can’t an organic molecule have the formula C2H7 Each of the two carbons has 4 valence electrons. Two electrons are used to form the carbon–carbon bond, and the 6 electrons that remain can form bonds with a maximum of

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Write line-bond structures for the following substances, showing all nonbonding electrons

Write line-bond structures for the following substances, showing all nonbonding electrons: (a) CHCl3, chloroform (b) H2S, hydrogen sulfide (c) CH3NH2, methylamine (d) CH3Li, methyllithium

What are likely formulas for the following substances?

What are likely formulas for the following substances? (a) GeCl? (b) AlH? (c) CH?Cl2 (d) SiF? (e) CH3NH? Solution Identify the group of the central element to predict the number of covalent bonds the element can form. (a) Germanium (Group

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Convert the following representation of ethane,into a conventional drawing that uses solid, wedged, and dashed lines to indicate tetrahedral geometry around each carbon

Convert the following representation of ethane, C2H6 , into a conventional drawing that uses solid, wedged, and dashed lines to indicate tetrahedral geometry around each carbon (gray  C, ivory  H). Solution

Molecule of chloroform, using solid, wedged, and dashed lines to show its tetrahedral geometry.

Draw a molecule of chloroform, CHCl3, using solid, wedged, and dashed lines to show its tetrahedral geometry. A solid line represents a bond lying in the plane of the page, a wedged bond represents a bond pointing out of the plane of

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How many electrons does each element has in its outermost electron-shell?

How many electrons does each of the following elements have in its outermost electron-shell? (a) Magnesium (b) Molybdenum (c) Selenium Solve The elements of the periodic table are organized into groups that are based on the number of outer-shell electrons

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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (MCMURRY 7TH) Ch1 P 1.1

Give the ground-state electron configuration or each of the following elements: (a) Oxygen (b) Silicon (c) Sulfur Solve (a) To find the ground-state electron configuration of an element, first locate its atomic number. For oxygen, the atomic number is 8; oxygen thus

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